Елена Горбенкова

Елена Щербина

1 Highways Department, Belarusian-Russian University, 212000 Mogilev, Belarus
2 Urban Planning Department, National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering,
129337 Moscow, Russia; ev.scherbina@yandex.ru
* Correspondence: a.harbiankova@gmail.com; Tel.: +375-29-277-7335

Abstract: Sustainability of settlement systems is of greatest relevance in political and socio-economic
stability all over the world. The development effectiveness of a rural settlement system involves the
solution of a number of matters in sustainable development, namely social welfare and environmental
balance, economy and industry development, improving the pipeline and utility infrastructure,
and improving the efficiency of the decision-making process. Currently, the sustainability of a
rural settlement system is one of the key objectives in regional planning in post-Soviet countries.
The introduction of new tools for assessing and managing the settlement system development is
particularly true for Belarus, as a country with a strong focus on agricultural industry. The research
aim was to develop and approve a model for evaluating the settlement system development. The
research methods were based on the complex and interdisciplinary approaches, namely the systemelement approach, the comparative analysis, spatial and mathematical modelling, factor analysis,
and the cartographic analysis. The model was approved by practical consideration for evaluating the
development of the analogue object at the local planning level. The practical relevance of the research
is associated with the potential for using the model as a significant tool in land use planning. The
model employs both quantitative and qualitative evaluation to obtain alternative solutions towards
sustainable development of rural areas. Another advantage of the model is its multifunctionality,
which enables: (1) sustainability evaluation of a settlement system, (2) establishment of regional
planning priority areas, and (3) development of specific measures for ensuring the sustainability of a
regional settlement system and its elements.

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